What is Cloud Computing? Everything You Need to Know


Cloud computing briefly, for computers and other devices, that can be used at any time and Internet-based IT services that provide shared computer resources among users.
It is the general name of the system that users can access from anywhere with internet.

and there are three types of service;

1) SaaS – Software as a Service

It is also called application cloud. Cloud infrastructure, various software over the web and app (eg e-mail) is the cloud system user- part. Google Drive and Salesforce CRM is an example of software as a service.

2) PaaS – Platform as a Service

It provides a virtual service environment for the user to develop and deliver new manageable applications. The infrastructure, environment and other services related to the developed application are provided by the cloud service provider.
is provided. A cloud service provider (e.g. Force.com, Google App Engine, Windows Azure) The application developed on the platform is only developed due to the lack of standards can be used on. Application management is performed by the service provider and the final user only manages data.

3) IaaS – Infrastructure as a Service

It is also referred to as resource cloud. Dynamic data providing secure access over the network storage (e.g. Amazon S3, SQL Azure), virtual provisioning of processor resources (for example, Amazon EC2, Zimory, Elastichosts) and services such as network services, cloud computing infrastructure service examples. The management of the application and data belongs to the end user.

Let’s take a look at the Development Models of Cloud Computing;

1) Public Cloud

A cloud technology established with servers on the Internet. In small and medium-sized companies. As an example of this model, where you pay as you use, you use e-mails can be displayed.

2) Private Cloud

It is a cloud technology preferred by large companies whose information is important. All information by the founder at your fingertips and access security and privacy is high. Microsoft gives you Hyper-V and System Provides with the help of Center Product Family.

3) Hybrid Cloud

It is a cloud technology that emerges from the combination of Public and Private Cloud. According to the volume of companies There may be differences in the combination ratios.

4) Community Cloud

It is a cloud technology that hosts services shared with several companies. Community members app and access data.

CLOUD COMPUTING APPLICATIONS OF COMPANIES

We’ll start with one of my favorite company 🙂

IBM

IBM Cloud is a suite of cloud computing for businesses offered by information technology company IBM service. It combines the platform service PaaS with the infrastructure service IaaS. The platform is both small scales and supports development teams and organizations as well as large enterprise businesses.

The IBM Cloud Catalog includes more than 170 cloud services, including:

COMPUTE : Offers a variety of compute resources where organizations can host their workloads, bare-metal servers, virtual servers, serverless computing and containers.

NETWORK : Load balancer, content delivery network (CDN), virtual private network(VPN) tunnels, and security Provides cloud network services such as walls.

STORAGE : Offers object, block and file storage for cloud data.

MANAGEMENT : Managing cloud deployments such as log analysis, automation, and Infrastructure as Code (IaC) and provides tools for monitoring.

SECURITY : Includes activity tracking, identity and access management, and authentication services.

DATA MANAGEMENT : Provides both SQL and NoSQL databases with tools for querying and moving data.

ANALYTICS: Data science tools like Apache Spark, Apache Hadoop, and IBM Watson Machine Learning It also provides analysis services for data flow.

ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (AI) : To provide services such as machine learning, natural language processing, and image recognition It uses IBM Watson.

IBM Watson IoT(Internet of Things) Platform : Services that connect and manage IoT devices It provides a platform that provides data and analyzes the data they produce. data quickly It provides capabilities such as visualization, storage, control, connectivity, and device registration.

MOBILE : Allows a development team to create mobile applications and their back-end components. and allows monitoring.

DEVELOPER TOOLS : Both a command line interface (CLI) and continuous delivery,
includes a set of tools for continuous release and application pipelines.

BLOCKCHAIN ​​: For developing applications, ensuring governance and monitoring a Blockchain network Provides IBM’s Blockchain Platform.

INTEGRATION : Cloud and on-premises systems or API Connect, App Connect and IBM Secure Gateway It provides services to integrate various applications such as

DATA MIGRATION : Applications such as IBM Lift CLI and Cloud Mass Data Migration Provides tools to migrate to the cloud.

VMware : Allows VMware workloads to be moved to the cloud.

USE IN SOME SECTORS

BrightFarms and IBM

BrightFarms, making the supply chain for green leafy vegetables simple and decentralized was established for the purpose. BrightFarms, in collaboration with Walmart, is introducing a new approach to its food safety strategy. used the IBM Food Trust platform on the IBM Cloud to add a layer of protection.

Using IBM technology, BrightFarms helps customers grow from the time their employees plant the seeds. up to the time he buys agricultural products from local vendors, to ensure freshness and to remove leftovers. can follow basic data on green leafy vegetables in order to minimize.

T-Soft Company

It is an e-commerce infrastructure provider company. Software sub-contractors of companies engaged in e-commerce in Turkey and in the world They provide structure and necessary technology services. Cloud flexibility and business in the e-commerce market It provides its continuity with IBM Public Cloud. The firm uses the IBM cloud to cloud very complex technologies. environment, and can access those resources within minutes regarding the selected criteria.

During server rental, server rental type, disk architecture, raid structure, number of disks, operating system, everything from the server to the IP details parametrically during the server rental. You can specify and the openings are cut with all these details. software technologies and communication It is very important to provide these services in a way that is very important.

When allocating resources in data centers, there is usually a concept called overlaoding. IBM this When you rent a processor with 2 GB of ram and 2 cores, IBM offers you cloud gives exactly this performance in the environment.

The Weather Company

When extreme weather conditions hit, most companies expect a slowdown in web traffic. This company is daily an average of 30 million users can grow to over 100 million in a few hours or minutes. Customer Knowing that its security leaves no room for error, The Weather Company is committed to hyper-scalable platforms. and IBM Cloud to meet the need for reliable localized weather data Kubernetes Service, IBM Cloud Virtual Servers, IBM Cloud Object Storage and IBM Watson Media uses.

American Airlines

American Airlines, together with IBM, has expanded all traveler’s rebooking options. a customer-facing application that allows them to view and choose the best for them created Dynamic Reacomm. Hurricane Irma hit the US during app testing in 2017 and caused widespread destruction and travel delays. Enterprise-grade IBM public cloud Relying on its reliability and scalability, American Airlines is launching the app at US airports. allowed instant commissioning to all traveling customers.

FacePhi

Digital banking of more customers without sacrificing login security How can I get it to use? The answer is in FacePhi, the leader in biometric authentication. cloudy Based service, Selphi uses customer selfies for fast and secure account authentication. uses facial biometrics. currently held in banks in Spain and Latin America, and Boasting sub-second authentication times, FacePhi is IBM’s public cloud security and AI With the help of its services, it helps to digitally transform the banking industry.

FaceME

Using IBM Cloud bare metal servers and Watson Analytics, FaceMe is the most powerful on the market today. creating some of the realistic Digital People. These avatars are more than answering basic customer queries. does more; recognize human facial expressions and emotions. As customer interactions increase, IBM’s overall cloud-oriented interpretation models evolve. Various services from banking to healthcare industries, FaceMe Digital Humans helps to increase brand loyalty, build trust and customer satisfaction. can help increase participation.

Guardio

If there is a company that struggles with the dangers of the digital age and digital developments, it is Guardio. IBM Using an artificial intelligence-based service on the cloud, Guardio allows parents to watch their children day and night. Helps protect them against cyberbullying. This service allows you to securely inspect messages. and IBM delivered on the IBM public cloud to help detect cases of bullying. Based on Watson Natural Language Classifier and IBM Watson Natural Language Understanding. That currently available for WhatsApp and Instagram, false positive rate less than 0.01 percent.

WatsomApp

The average time to detect a case of bullying at school is nine months; WatsomApp’s gamification system and IBM’s public cloud, this could take as little as a month. The game includes people in the class. to identify and alert instructors to students at high risk of being bullied or bullied used. At the same time, WatsomApp’s chatbot powered by IBM Watson, engaging students at school and talking confidently about students’ problems It provides an easier way to.

And other company is;

Microsoft

Microsoft Azure is a large cloud platform with a wide range of features. Windows Server It is a customized version of the operating system. Therefore, the operating system for Azure technology we can say.

The Azure Cloud platform service was initially named “Windows Azure”, but later Changed to “Microsoft Azure”. The reason for Azure’s name change is outside of Windows because it can be used for many functions. For example, a virtual machine that you set up on the Azure platform. you can power the server with Windows operating system as well as with Linux or a different OS you can strengthen.

Azure platform helps businesses manage challenges and achieve corporate goals aims to be. including e-commerce, finance, and various Fortune 500 companies. It offers tools that support industries and is compatible with open source technologies. This gives users provide the flexibility to use the tools and technologies they prefer. In addition, Azure, 4 different cloud computing formats: infrastructure as a service (IaaS), platform as a service (PaaS), software as a service (SaaS) and serverless.

Services;

Websites – Web Hosting Service : Azure Websites, enterprise-grade web Allows you to create applications. Using Azure technology; Languages ​​such as ASP.NET, Java, Node.js, C# have the option to choose. In Microsoft’s terms, Azure speaks your language. Besides the freedom of language It also allows to run many web applications and CMS solutions such as WordPress, Joomla, Drupal. provides. With the scaling feature available in Azure, the server can be manually or able to scale automatically. Keeping the website safe by backing up and Using your own domain and SSL certificate is among the important features that can be counted.

Networking : This group includes virtual networks, private connections, and gateways, as well as traffic management and network against diagnostics, load balancing, DNS hosting, and distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attacks includes protection services.

Compute : These services allow a user to deploy VMs, containers, and batches, and allows it to manage and also support remote application access. In the Azure cloud computing resources created, whether the resource must be accessible to the outside world configurable with public IP addresses or private IP addresses depending on whether.

Analytics : These services include distributed analytics and storage, as well as real-time analytics, large data analytics, data lakes, machine learning (ML), business intelligence (BI), internet of things (IoT) data streams and data warehousing capabilities.

Identity : These offers allow only authorized users to access Azure services, and helps protect encryption keys and other sensitive information in the cloud. Services, Includes Azure Active Directory and multi-factor authentication (MFA) support.

DevOps : This group is dedicated to Azure DevOps (formerly known as DevOps), which facilitates DevOps software development processes. Provides project and collaboration tools such as Visual Studio Team Services. Also application diagnostics, DevOps tool integrations and features for test labs to create tests and experiments.

Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning : This is a developer’s application of artificial intelligence, machine learning and broad range of applications that can be used to infuse cognitive computing capabilities into applications and datasets. is a range of services.

Mixed Reality : Refers to the user’s natural space, virtual It is a system that makes it look realistic by moving it to the environment. Also with mixed reality, two environments. can be interacted with at the same time. In short, virtual objects, thanks to mixed reality, It can be integrated into the areas you use. Microsoft’s services, developers’ Windows Karma It is designed to help him create content for the reality environment.

Intune : Microsoft Intune can be used to enroll user devices so security makes it possible to send policies and mobile applications to these devices. mobile applications, can be deployed to groups of users or to a collection of devices. Intune also knows which apps Provides tools to monitor usage. The remote wipe feature ensures that the organization’s data is to safely remove a user’s mobile apps from devices without uninstalling them allows.

USE IN SOME SECTORS

Boeing

Considering that commercial aircraft can easily be described as flying data centers by some. and given the overall number of inefficiencies that currently exist in commercial air, The potential for data analytics in aviation is certainly huge in terms of potential benefits it seems.

Topics such as Crew Planning, Maintenance Optimization and Crew Training have already been covered. Also, Fuel optimization was in progress. An airline provides general fuel for all its daily flights. forecasting that estimates fuel usage requirements over time by observing can easily create models with Microsoft’s cloud technology.

SAMSUNG

Samsung adopted Microsoft Azure to manage all Smart TV infrastructure some time ago announced his decision. Samsung chooses Azure cloud technology, growing customer base tremendously Significant reduction in costs and increased capacity to meet the base and higher productivity managed to achieve.

GE Healthcare

GE Healthcare can easily meet customers’ compliance requirements across the healthcare industry. Migrated to Microsoft Azure’s environment readiness to help them meet.

eBay

In 2010, both Microsoft and eBay developed the Azure platform in the highly customized environment of eBay. how to easily deploy and scale eBay faster and more cost-effectively started working with Accenture and Avanade (based on Java) to discover what.

The entire project was actually focused on porting eBay’s Apple iPad marketplace website to Windows Azure. This The iPad site is in great demand without eBay’s need to invest in any additional infrastructure costs and was properly selected as it allowed him to quickly try out highly customized pages. Both Avanade and Accenture are available to complete the project and Azure Cloud application development. He worked with technical experts from Microsoft and a small team of infrastructure personnel from eBay.

and after all this, let’s take a quick look at the FUTURE OF CLOUD COMPUTING TECHNOLOGY

1) Artificial Intelligence Will Come to the Fore

Continuous innovations in cloud computing will push artificial intelligence and IoT forward in the next decade and beyond. will take it out. These innovations will support the developing technologies and will help different types of mobile and home appliances. will help them adapt to platforms and devices.

For example, today’s mobile devices require too much time and money to analyze unstructured data. requires processing power. Therefore, these devices slow down the response time of artificial intelligence and It has to send it to servers in the cloud. As a result, industry experts predicts that he will constantly use inference in the future.

The inference is that AI learns in the cloud and applies the knowledge gained to real-life problems. is the place. This allows the device to categorize photos by content, instant response to voice commands. and set cameras to capture objects in different shooting conditions.

2) Creating a Digital Priority Infrastructure

By 2050, the world population will reach approximately 10 billion, with the largest numbers in urban centers. will intensify. This will increase the need for advanced digital solutions to manage the population.

The cloud is expected to provide digital infrastructure for smart cities. This includes automated and connected vehicles, smart parking lots and elevators, efficient farms and power plants, and better trains and subways are included. Thanks to the cloud’s ability to store and analyze data, all this is more secure and It will be easy to manage.

Additionally, companies will have access to AI, data analytics and other capabilities as a service.

3) Managing Data

Statistics on big data production show that 2.3 trillion gigabytes of data are created every day and by 2020 It shows that 40 zettabytes of data will be created in 2018. This high volume of data has three main challenges. This leads to: efficient storage, processing and management of data.

The cloud provides a solution to these three challenges. With the cloud, data is transformed into small data and virtual data as managed. A smaller data footprint enables organizations to manage big data in three ways. It will help improve:

1. Apps will need less time to process data

2. Data will be more secure and easier to manage as the cloud is centralized

3. The results of data analysis will be more accurate

4) Serverless Architecture

Building applications and systems that scale or fail over in today’s environment It takes a significant amount of time and resources to do so. As a result, serverless architecture, It is designed to provide developers with a fast way to build systems and applications.

The platform dynamically determines how much infrastructure is needed and then the system or automatically provides the infrastructure to support the application.

Matt Riley, CEO and Co-Founder of Swiftype on the future of Cloud Computing Technology:

“Ten years from now, every business will operate primarily in the cloud and will be more flexible but more will pave the way for productive and efficient working methods. Hardware won’t be a problem in ten years software will fix the problem. “

What this means for businesses is that all their teams interact, no matter where they are in the world is a workspace. This also applies to enterprises’ hardware, software and personnel means they can outsource their computing power instead of investing.

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